The labor market regained its footing in the autumn after a choppy summer. Friday’s report from theLabor Department will show how the job market fared in 2015 as a whole and how much momentum it’s carrying into 2016. Through November, the economy added an average 210,000 jobs a month in 2015, a solid performance but below 2014′s pace of 260,000. Beyond the headline jobs numbers, the gauge of wage growth will be closely watched. Recent signs point to a long-awaited pickup in workers pay.
The factory sector has limped into the winter as cheap oil continues to prompt energy companies to reduce investment–and by extension purchases of equipment and other factory-made products. The strong dollar and weak demand overseas aren’t helping. Monday’s release of the purchasing managers index by the Institute for Supply Management will suggest whether the industry’s woes are deepening. The index hit a six-year low in November.
Many businesses might not be making big-ticket purchases but consumers certainly are in key areas. Auto sales went on a tear in 2015 as Americans replaced aging vehicles and took advantage of low interest rates and cheap gasoline. November sales put the industry on paceto challenge its peak of 17.35 million cars in 2000. Tuesday’s report on light-vehicle sales will show whether 2015 hit that threshold.
The suspense about when the Federal Reserve would raise interest rates ended in December, but questions linger about how quickly the Fed will increase rates further. The coming week could offer early clues. The Fed releases minutes of its Dec. 15-16 meeting on Wednesday. And a host of central bank officials will speak publicly, including Fed Vice Chairman Stanley Fischer (Sunday), Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester (Sunday), San Francisco Fed President John Williams (Sunday, Monday and Friday), Chicago Fed President Charles Evans (Thursday) and Richmond Fed President Jeffrey Lacker (Thursday and Friday).
The economy would be looking a bit stronger if not for aslide in exports in recent months. Foreign demand has weakened as the strong dollar drives up the price of American goods overseas, and as the overall global economy remains sluggish. Wednesday’s Commerce Department report on the U.S. trade gap will give an update on the bleak outlook.
The connotation of the word “monument” can change, depending on how much (or how little) you’ve traveled. If your wanderlust has been limited to the tourist traps of the United States (and even, for the most part, Europe), then it might be difficult for you to imagine a monument being anything other than grand (paging the Statue of Liberty) or even cliché (Bonjour, Eiffel Tower).
To be sure, trying to formulate a list of the world’s most bizarre monuments and statues is like trying to make a list of beaches with sand: There are literally more than you can count. I’ve done my best to curate the strangest, however. Have you visited any of these?
1. Shakira Statue in Barranquilla, Colombia
Shakira makes no secret of her Latina heritage, to say nothing of her perpetually truthful hips, and although her various talents have rightfully made her a legend in the world of entertainment, she’s practically a national hero in her native Colombia. This is particularly the case in her home city of Barranquilla, located along the Caribbean coast nearCartagena, where a huge metal statue of Shakira has been erected.
2. Giant Octopus in Osaka, Japan
The most ubiquitous structure along the Dotonbori pedestrian promenade inOsaka, Japan is the crab above Kani Doraku restaurant, but in my mind, the wildest one – and there is enough wildness along Dotonbori to go around, trust me – is the huge pink octopus about halfway down the street.
An added benefit of paying a visit to this terrifying-looking cephalopod? Sample the delectable takoyaki octopus fritters served underneath it.
3. Carhenge in Nebraska, USA
If you’ve only visited, say, Mount Rushmore, the Statue of Liberty and the Washington Monument, you might believe the U.S. has no capacity for weirdness, at least not when it comes to monument-building. You would, of course, be wrong, a truth that’s perhaps best illustrated by Carhenge, built near the city of Alliance in rural Nebraska, in the state’s panhandle region.
Structural similarities notwithstanding, Carhenge’s origins are decidedly less mysterious than those of its Druid-built namesake in England – a man named Jim Reinders built it in 1987, as a near-exact replica of Stonehenge and a tribute to his father.
4. The Pissing Boy of Brussels, Belgium
The weirdness of The Pissing Boy of Brussels (known locally by its Flemish name, Manneken Pis) is right in its name – not a lot of explanation is needed. One thing you should know before you get your hopes up, however, is that the statue is very small, to the extent that it’s easy to miss as you traipse through the center of Old Brussels.
5. Kaskad in Yerevan, Armenia
Armenia’s capital, Yerevan, is a strange place in general, for reasons I already went into in this post on my travel blog. But the strangest structure in Armenia is definitely Kaskad, which translates to “cascade,” or waterfall.
A giant concrete monument with only a few trickles of water here and there,Kaskad is crowned by a towering monolith, which was built to commemorate 50 years of Soviet presences in the city (and ironically completely not long before the collapse of the U.S.S.R.).
As you walk up the hundreds of stairs that lead from the charming sidewalk cafés at the base of Kaskad to the top, which provides a panoramic view of Yerevan and nearby Mount Ararat, you’ll notice another huge monument – Mother Armenia – off to the north and west.
Industrial organizational psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological theories and principles to organizations. Often referred to as I-O psychology, this field focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well being of employees. Industrial organizational psychologists perform a wide variety of tasks, including studying worker attitudes and behavior, evaluating companies, and conducting leadership training.
The overall goal of this field is to study and understand human behavior in the workplace.
The Two Sides of I-O Psychology
You can think of industrial organizational psychology as having two major sides. First, their is the industrial side, which involves looking at how to best match individuals to specific job roles. This segment of I-O psychology is also sometimes referred to as personnel psychology.
People who work in this area might assess employee characteristics and then match these individuals to jobs in which they are likely to perform well. Other functions that fall on the industrial side of I-O psychology include training employees, developing job performance standards, and measuring job performance.